Do you reside in a mono-cultural or multi-cultural society? . Often we find it tough to define. What is a mono- cultural society?
Most experts concur that the vital traits of a mono-cultural society are a common tradition, belief structure, language and normally a mono-racial identity. Since we live in a more globalized Earth, a number of our societies are basically multi-cultural. But many of today’s societies still share the common traits of a mono-cultural society.
What are these common characteristics?
1. A common legacy
The historic legacy of the society could be based on a perception that the states, language, food, attitudes, racial attributes and spiritual beliefs are a crucial element to the countries identity.
2. A shared belief structure
Most the citizens of a nation have a shared belief structure, depending on the country’s heritage. These beliefs form the national identity, and ‘psyche,’ which create to many a more powerful bonded society, but to detractors a country which loses out about the advantages of a multi-cultural cultural society.
3. An inward looking ‘mind’
To most, mono-cultural societies tend to look inwards, rather than outwards, and this may show in the country’s culture. Television news and programs tends to be locally based, and the cultures individuality heavily encouraged. A level of ignorance of the outside World is frequently a product of looking inwards.
4. A feeling of “foreigners”
The ‘mind” of a mono-cultural society often can be suspicious towards “foreigners,” and improper of the beliefs. This could result in discouraging multi-cultural partnerships, to a ‘ghetto’ mentality of dividing cultures throughout the regions they can live.
5. Common spiritual values
Whilst in certain societies religion is regarded as being less significant, other cultures see it as part of the national or cultural identity. A powerful mono-cultural official religion often is a strong trait of a this sort of society. .
Citizens of powerful multi-cultural societies are far more tribal when they live outside their own culture. Multi- ethnic marriages are unacceptable, the neighbors, the food and even the office will be ‘tribal.” – the influence of this new society lessened with this strong cultural bond, between others who share it.
7. Purchasing Goods
Mono- cultural societies tend to support their own products, instead of buy products from other nations. They are inclined to take pride in their industries, and financial accomplishments- encouraging buying nationwide produced products over others. This can be beneficial in a recession, but within a growing market can interfere with the choice consumers have.
Mono-cultural societies often feel safer, provided that you’re identified as “among the group,” but also conservative in regards to accepting change. Whilst endangered, these societies have a tendency to bond together quicker, but also can be guilty of the worse kinds of ethnic abuse.
A quick scan through the huge assortment of TV channels available through cable or satellite or even a cautious look at the names of books and magazines various book stores will bear witness to the explosion of interest in “The Paranormal.”
The business now boasts dozens of self-styled pros and a plethora of Paranormal Investigation Teams.
All this begs the basic question…
“if Paranormal Investigators do “investigations” what exactly are they searching for?”
The quick answer is ‘proof’ I guess – but of what?
You see one of the actual challenges needs to be the presuppositions which are made about what’s being looked for; how they will know when they’ve found it and what discovering it will really mean.
All investigations, be they scientific or ‘paranormal’, have the very same challenges.
So here is the question, rephrased sightly…
What type of evidence would support a theory that there’s something specific occurring of a paranormal source?
(I Don’t like the planet paranormal for Many reasons, but take that we will have some idea as to what is meant by this tag)
Being able to answer that question then instantly produces a second…
What quality of evidence do you need to support that there’s something special happening of a paranormal source?
What’s always apparent in almost any discussion of paranormal investigations would be the ‘beliefs’ of the investigators and their apparent swiftness in jumping to a sort of paranormal explanation of (frequently) spurious observations.
Let’s face it our thoughts can be not the best judge of what’s ‘ out there’. It invents things, changes what our perceptions sense into things we could process. It drives how we understand the world. How a noise was heard or a dark silhouette was seen doesn’t necessarily mean that it was really ‘out there’. The illusions our thoughts can, and often does, create are so persuasive and so ‘actual’ which they need to exist beyond our own head.
Perception is an active process and as such is shaped by our attitudes, our beliefs. If we want to engage in purposeful ‘investigations’ we will need to be completely aware of the and consider how we can (can) control for these perceptual factors.
Many “paranormal investigations” do appear to base themselves on what the television has depicted as being the ‘correct way’ to do them. Hence the plethora of misunderstood, misused and improper ‘ghost hunting gear’ out there.
Research, when ran, tends to be very superficial, poorly referenced and one-dimensional.
Research is a particular procedure for questioning, recording, assessing and cross-checking, but for a few of those groups I’ve worked with seems to be a fast check on Wikipedia and possibly a mention or two of an ‘interesting book’ which has been read sometime ago.
The biggest problem of all with paranormal investigations is possibly the ‘intention’ behind the ‘study’.
It’s frequently to ‘prove’ something – such as a place is haunted – or to ‘search for something’ – in other words to reverse search!
I believe that many Paranormal Investigation ‘events’ rather than diagnoses but entertainments despite what the organisers claim
Investigations will need to begin using some very specific questions, based upon some very specific research or theory.
Entertainments don’t have to do this… they’re enjoyable walks in the dark, with a few like minded people all out to find evidence to support pre-existing beliefs. Now there’s no issue with this – actually that is great fun and will almost surely provoke some type of emotional reaction. BUT let us be honest about what they are and what they aren’t!
If you’re seriously interested in investigations then there should be clearly defined protocols that set out to control as many factors as possible; that try to define what’s being researched with some very clear principle or rationale. More importantly any observations caused by such an investigation have to be reported and verified by other classes following the very same methods and approaches.